Do take the time to visit the school you are applying to and connect with faculty and prospective supervisors. Having that face time with a member of the selection committee or a prospective supervisor can go a long way in helping you to get into a program. Many programs will not admit a student unless they already have a faculty member who is willing to supervise his/her research. If you take the time to research who is out there, and connect with him/her about your area of research interest and he/she seems interested in your ideas and approach then you are half-way, at least, to getting in.
Do take time before you start the application process to reflect on what you would like to research while in grad school. The most successful applicants are those that have a clear research interest, one that is innovative, or takes a new approach to an old question. You need to know how you want to conduct your research, what resources you intend to use, what the burning question is that you want to address and why it is important. I know it is difficult at this point in time to know the answers to all of this, but the closer you can get, the better. Take time to chat with your current professors and to get their insights on your research. This is also the sort of thing that you can connect with prospective supervisors on. They can direct you to other resources that may be of use to you.
Do write a statement of purpose that is personal and well thought out, not cliché or filled with broad sweeping statements and random flattery of the program to which you are applying. Know what your purpose is? Explain who you are, what you want, and why you want it from where you are applying. Follow the department’s directions to a tee. Rewrite, give drafts to your family, friends, etc. Make it punchy, personal and free of TYPOS.
Do apply early. Programs get flooded with late applicants who are making sudden life changes or who have just received a rejection letter from law school or med school or dentistry or . . .
Do give the people writing your letters of recommendation at least 4 weeks’ notice. You want them to be thinking of you positively when they write that letter so the more leisurely and the more prepared they are the better the letter will be. If they are rushed at the last minute they may be feeling frustrated and stressed and that will have a negative impact on your recommendation. As the American Psychological Association states, “Too often, admissions committee chairs said, students received unflattering letters because they failed to ask whether the potential recommendation author would write a “strongly favorable” letter.” To help in getting a good letter, be sure to take the time to get to know your professors: Go to drop in hours, have good attendance in class and be an all around engaged and diligent learner.
Don`t just apply to a whole bunch of programs hoping that one has got to work out. Students need to learn the key details of a program-including faculty research interests and specific courses offered-before they apply. It is better to take the time and identify the programs that are best suited to you, tailor your application to that program and make connections with people there. Take the time to do your research and know who their faculty members are and what they are known for and play to those strengths in your application.
Don`t hand in an application that is unclear, disorganized or contains spelling or grammatical mistakes. This will give the impression that you are not clear about your purpose or do not take this application seriously.
Don`t overdo the flattery. “A number of admissions committee chairs have cited distaste for applications that include insincere flattery, such as praising the program in an obsequious manner. Other chairs added inappropriate name-dropping or blaming others for a poor academic record as potential kisses of death.” (APA, 2006, The don’ts of grad school applications)